• ABD, History of Art and Architecture, University of Virginia
  • MA, Architectural History, University of Virginia, 2009
  • MA, History, University of Delaware, 2007
  • MFA, Savannah College of Art and Design, 2004
  • BA, History and Fine Arts, University of Delaware, 2001



Medieval Spanish Architecture, 3D Visualization, Digital Humanities, GIS, Photogrammetry


Architectural Reconquest: The Fortified Presence of Christian Military Orders on the Iberian Border With Islam (1150-1400)


In most historical maps depicting the Christian reconquest of Muslim Iberia, the frontier where most hostile contact between the two religions took place amounts to the thickness of a single line. While it is impossible to map the wide, constantly shifting frontier at any given moment in the history of the reconquest, there is value in identifying the strategic points whose job it was to advance and protect Christian colonization on the frontier. The units that best fit this description were the fortresses held by military-religious orders in the 12th through 14th centuries. By limiting my study to these structures, and the identities of those who occupied and built them, my dissertation seeks to explain the unique practical and ideological concerns of Christian Iberia’s sparsely populated, militant, yet adaptive front-line.

Since most traditional means of representing the Christian-Muslim frontier are incapable of visualizing a realistic breadth of space, time and architectural influence, this project will apply new visual and analytical technologies. This effort began with a GIS (Global Information System) database populated with over 400 architectural possessions of military orders in the 12th through 15th centuries, and will continue with 3D graphic reconstructions of two fortress-monasteries located on the border with Islam during the early 13th and 14th centuries. These projects are intended to be a tandem: a wide view of the reconquest on the one hand, and a more nuanced impression of two frontier fortifications on the other.